Given the drop in temperatures that we are experiencing these days due to the storm Filomena we must take into account a series of recommendations to combat the effects of this cold wave, without posing a risk to our health.
The effects of cold
The extreme cold can cause decreases in the defenses weaken the immune system and cause respiratory and circulatory problems, which can particularly affect the elderly, children, infants and chronically ill.
The main immediate effects of cold include the following:
· Incoordination and lack of dexterity.
· Tremors or involuntary contractions of the muscles.
· Cramps and stiffness.
· Significant drop in body temperature (below 37ºC).
· Pain in muscles or joints.
· Confusion, difficulty concentrating, and memory impairment.
· Decreased or absence of sensitivity.
Tips to combat the cold
Here are some tips to combat the cold and avoid health problems:
Keep the house warm
In winter it is important to keep the house warm, with a temperature between 18 and 20 degrees to avoid sudden changes when you go outside.
It is also advisable to ventilate the house daily, preferably in the morning for 5 or 10 minutes to avoid excess CO 2 and prevent aerosols with, for example, coronavirus.
To avoid accidents such as fire or carbon monoxide poisoning, it is essential to use approved heaters, keep them away from flammable items, and check the state of the electrical installation before use. Great care must be taken with gas stoves or wood burning fireplaces.
The Hypothermia occurs when the body loses heat of which can generate, which usually usually caused by prolonged exposure to cold.
To avoid hypothermia, it is advisable to wrap yourself in layers of clothing, as it forms insulating air chambers between them, especially covering the area of the feet, back of the neck, head and chest. Likewise, hot baths and eating hot dishes and something more caloric than usual will also help.
Strengthen the immune system
Food is essential, since it is the main source of energy for our body. The intake of carbohydrates, protein foods and fruits that contain vitamin C will help maintain body heat on the coldest days of the year.
The vitamins C and D are also essential to prevent the lowering of the immune system defenses and propolis or coconut oil.
On colder days you should avoid going outside, but this does not mean that you have to forget about physical exercise, since you can practice at home. This practice will improve cardiac and energy expenditure, increasing peripheral circulation.
On the other hand, it is also important to maintain a positive attitude and maintain a good state of mind to avoid isolation, that is, take care of emotional well-being, which will be achieved through our hobbies and by maintaining contact with family and friends, and either online or by phone.
Other tips to keep the cold at bay
· Limit outdoor activities, especially if you belong to a risk group, and if you have no choice but to leave the house, avoid staying still for a long time.
· Likewise, it is advisable to go outside during daylight hours, when visibility is high and the ambient temperature is milder to avoid falls caused by ice sheets or breathing problems caused by cold air.
· Breathe through your nose. The air will heat up as it passes through the nostrils, thus reducing the cold that reaches the lungs.
· Avoid excessive alcohol consumption because, although it can produce a sensation of heat, the opposite effect is achieved, and can even cause hypothermia.
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